Thousands of observable facts from completely independent fields of study
have come together to tell us the exact same story:
all living things on Earth are related,
Evolution is a fact, and it is among the more secure facts known to science. All that we have seen and tested in 150 years has confirmed the concept of evolution.
All evolution says that over millions of years small genetic changes like those that occur between siblings and cousins add up to where the descendants of one lineages genetics are so different from the other lineages that they cannot create viable offspring which is what defines a species.
The evidence for evolution and for the Earth being over 4 billion years old is so overwhelming that only a person with a morally irresponsible disposition to ignore evidence would not accept it. That is the definition for a stupid person.
The scientifically savvy philosopher Daniel Dennet pointed out that evolution counters one of the oldest ideas we have: the idea that it takes a big fancy smart thing to make a lesser thing. Call it the "trickle down theory" of creationism. You'll never see a spear making a spear-maker, a horse-shoe making a blacksmith or a pot making a potter. Darwin's discovery of a workable process that does that very counter-intuitive thing is what makes his contribution to human thought so revolutionary, and so loaded with the power to raise consciousness.
February 12: Happy Darwin Day, everyone!
Excerpts from The God Delusion, by Richard Dawkins
Intelligent design is an assumption without a scientific basis. For this assumption to be considered a hypothesis, there must be evidence. Where is the evidence of intelligent design, unless you consider evolution itself intelligent design.
For a hypothesis to gain credibility, it must be testable. I do not see how intelligent design can be tested.
For that same hypothesis to become a theory, the testing of it must be repeatable with the same results each time. It should also be open to all for meticulous scrutiny.
Intelligent design can not be considered a hypothesis or a theory, but it can be considered as a nice fairy tale.
The Bible is the only one source of creationism. It merely provides an assertion of creationism, without any shred of evidence.
Evolution denial is the gold standard of religious nonsense.
The evidence for evolution is found in numerous scientific fields like archeology, paleontology, biochemistry, microbiology, embryology, and genetics.
Why would God create a man with nipples?
Evolution is a single event where one entire species changes into a different one through a series of discrete intermediate stages, or more bizarrely one member of one species gives birth to a different species which then goes on to reproduce, presumably with itself, to form a new species.
Evolved organs, elegant and efficient as they often are, also demonstrate revealing flaws -- exactly as you'd expect if they have an evolutionary history, and exactly as you would not expect if they were designed.
On the humorous side of evolution....
Why would a god create a man with nipples?
Why would a god create a man with a foreskin on his penis and then require that it be artificially removed?
Consider the female vagina and anus. Why would a god place two sewer lines in the middle of a recreation area?
So let me get this right.
But you think scientists are lying about evolution?
You're much closer to science than to god, when you analyze your beliefs.
Evolution by natural selection, the central concept of the life's work of Charles Darwin, is a theory. It's a theory about the origin of adaptation, complexity, and diversity among Earth's living creatures. If you are skeptical by nature, unfamiliar with the terminology of science, and unaware of the overwhelming evidence, you might even be tempted to say that it's "just" a theory. In the same sense, relativity as described by Albert Einstein is "just" a theory. The notion that Earth orbits around the sun rather than vice versa, offered by Copernicus in 1543, is a theory. Continental drift is a theory. The existence, structure, and dynamics of atoms? Atomic theory. Even electricity is a theoretical construct, involving electrons, which are tiny units of charged mass that no one has ever seen. Each of these theories is an explanation that has been confirmed to such a degree, by observation and experiment, that knowledgeable experts accept it as fact. That's what scientists mean when they talk about a theory: not a dreamy and unreliable speculation, but an explanatory statement that fits the evidence. They embrace such an explanation confidently but provisionally - taking it as their best available view of reality, at least until some severely conflicting data or some better explanation might come along.
The rest of us generally agree. We plug our televisions into little wall sockets, measure a year by the length of Earth's orbit, and in many other ways live our lives based on the trusted reality of those theories.
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